Saturn, the second largest planet in the Solar System, recently lost the title of the planet with the most moons in the Solar System. The title had passed to Jupiter with 12 new moons discovered in the past months. But the table has changed again.
Jupiter, which was the leader in the number of satellites with a total of 92 satellites, lost the leadership to Saturn again. Scientists from the University of British Columbia announced the discovery of 62 new moons orbiting Saturn.
The new moons were discovered by the team led by Edward Ashton using a technique not previously used on Saturn. Scientists chose a path to be observed with the "shift and stack" technique, and aligned all the photographs obtained during the observation on this path.
With this alignment technique, which was applied on many paths, new objects that had not been rotated around the planet before, namely satellites, emerged. This technique has also been used to probe the moons of Neptune and Uranus.
The images used in the technique were the images taken by the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope between 2019-2021. As a result of the images covering the three-hour time period and aligned on the road, objects as small as 2.5 kilometers in diameter were also observed.
With 62 new moons of Saturn, the total number of satellites it has has reached 145.
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